Major of Biological Information Systems

Major of Biological Information Systems

Subject name Content of lecture
Structural Biology
M. Mizuguchi
Protein’s function is closely related to the shape of protein molecules. Three-dimensional structure of protein is determined by its amino acid sequence, which is derived by transcription and translation from the DNA sequence. When proteins fail to achieve their functional structures, several human disorders including amyloidosis occur due to the deposition of misfolded proteins. In this lecture, I will review the structure determination of proteins by NMR, and then discuss the structure and function relationships of various proteins. Furthermore, the protein misfolding and amyloidosis will also be reviewed in the lecture.
Mathematical Biology
H. Kakuhata
There are many fields of the mathematical biology. Among of them, population dynamics describing the time-evolution of population of creatures, is discussed. Population dynamics of one species and multiple species with interspecies competition are explained in continuous-time and discrete-time models.
Biological Signaling and Engineering
M. Isobe
Inter- and intra-cellular signalings play essential roles in vital phenomenon. Those signalings are basically regulated by genetic and environmental factors. In this lecture, we discuss on the mechanism of these regulations on these signal transductions and cellular signalings at the molecular level.
Protein Engineering
N. Kurosawa
Protein post-translational modification (PTM) plays a key role in functional proteomics; PTM regulates localization, activity and interaction with other cellular molecules. Antibodies offer a platform for the analysis of various PTMs, and the need for PTM site-specific antibodies continues to grow with increasing types of PTM per protein. In this lecture, I will start by reviewing the history of monoclonal antibody production, and then proceed to recent investigations of antibody engineering.
Advanced Biometabolical Engineering
M. Sayama
The conception and technology of investigation for metabolism are important, when investigation of function of products produced by biotechnology, construction of bioreactor and expression of toxicity and safety test of drug. My lecture gives the methods of metabolism investigation, special metabolism pathway participated in production of useful materials and drug metabolism participated in detoxification and expression of toxicity of drugs.
Design of Bio-information Devices
H. Shinohara
Importance and design methods of the interfaces between bio-systems and electronic systems are lectured as hereunder.
1) Development of novel bio-electronic sensors for medical diagnosis and drug screening etc.
2) Basic research for molecular biology concerning with bio-information systems and its application for development of bio-electronic devices.
3) Development of bio-mimetic and bio-inspired information devices and systems.
4) New technology development for analysis of intracellular and intercellular signaling mechanisms.
Neural Systems Engineering
S. Kawahara
To understand the complex biological systems, it is important to learn about the technology for measurement of biological parameters and mathematics for data analysis to retrieve useful information from them. We will learn about fundamental neuroscience, how to measure brain activities and the data analysis.
Advanced Biosensing Chip Technologies
M. Suzuki
Recent trends, problems and future prospects on novel biosensing technologies, such as biochips, microarray technologies and integrated miniature biosensors, will be discussed.
Information Engineering in Nervous System
J. Kim
Living organisms such as animals and humans accept multimodal sensory signals from the environment, integrate them in the central nervous system, and promote some kinds of behaviors adaptive to the circumstance. It is interesting for engineers as well as neuroscientists to know how neurons communicate each other through a neural network in a series of such processes. In consideration of technological application, thus, this lecture provides an overview on the transmission and processing of neural information carried out by the neuron and neural network.
Tissue and organ engineering
M. Nakamura
Researches on producing tissues and organs by engineering approaches have advanced very rapidly. This lecture is focusing on lecturing the backgrounds, state of the art and several issues in the present tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Then, the perspectives of practical and social applications of such technologies in life science research and clinical medicine are discussed.
Advanced Biochemistry for Organic Molecules
K. Matsuda
Functional research for signal transmitters such as bioactive substances and their receptors has rapidly been growing in the fields of neurobiology, endocrinology and immunology. In the present course, I would like to provide some information about the inter- and intra-cellular signaling systems, particularly the molecular mechanisms for the regulation of instinctive behavior and energy homeostasis. I would also like to introduce recent updates on the pheromone-signaling pathways.
Consilienceology for Wakan-yaku
M. Tohda
[Studies of physiological functions using the Wakan-yaku and the theories]
The theory of Wakan-yaku (Japanese and Sino traditional systematized medical care methods) has the highly systematized treatment methods supported by the long-time history. Based on this Wakan-yaku theory, identification and analysis of the molecules involved in the mental disease, especially about depression, will be introduced in this lecture.
[Analysis of the function of Wakan-yaku]
This lecture will be also introduce about the molecular mechanisms of Wakan-yaku treatment for mental disease and the identification concept for effective crude drugs and/or compounds, which are based on the historical method in Wakan-yaku theory.
Pharmacology and Genetic Engineering
I. Takasaki
Pharmacology is the branch of medicine and biology concerned with the study of drug action and the science which establishes the base of medication. In order to understand the relationship between biological processes and therapeutic agents, the basal knowledge of anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, cell and molecular biology, gene and chemistry is required. In this lecture, recent investigations, problems, and future prospects about pharmacology and genetic engineering will be discussed.
Cell stress biology
Y. Tabuchi
In order to adapt stressful conditions, cells have developed cellular stress response systems. One of these is endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress which is defined as accumulation of unfolded proteins. ER stress induces a coordinated cytoprotective program called unfolded protein response (UPR). If the stress is beyond capacity of the adaptive machinery, cells undergo cell death. In this lecture, the molecular mechanisms underlying cellular responses to ER stress, heat stress and mechanical stress are reviewed.
Protein metabolism
T. Inobe
Proteins are necessary for virtually every activity in our body. Our bodies must be able to produce the many proteins needed for growth, replacement, and repair. Meanwhile, unwanted proteins must be degraded and removed. Therefore, the balance between the protein synthesis and the protein degradation determines amount of proteins. Aberrant balance of protein metabolism causes severe diseases and death. In this lecture, I will review how proteins are produced and degraded in the cell. Furthermore, I will discuss recent advancements of artificial regulations of the protein metabolism..
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